Save Energy! – Power Up Your Home Linux Box From Behind Your Work Proxy Using Wake On LAN (WOL)

pwrbutton1These days with the price of electricity being so high and with computer power supplies being so big, not to mention the global warming / climate change factor, leaving your home-server running all day while you’re out at work on the off-chance that you might need to access it during the day is a luxury most people can ill-afford.

In an ideal world you would be able to switch on your home server remotely from your work laptop when you’re away from home. Maybe you need to log in via SSH or FTP (if these ports are not blocked by the proxy) or maybe you have it set up as a web server for development use (as I do) and would like to use some of your office downtime to work on something on your dev server. Once you’re done you can then switch it off again with a shell command.

All of this is easy enough to do so long as your home server’s connection to the internet is via an ethernet card that supports Wake On LAN (WOL). You can send a “magic packet“, a string of characters specifically formed to wake your server up either directly from your windows laptop or, if you are behind your company’s proxy server that blocks traffic on port 9, from any internet webserver.


This article will describe the steps that you need to take in order to configure this energy-saving functionality. I am assuming the following:

  1. your home server is running Ubuntu/Debian Linux (although it should be possible to use any flavour of Unix/Linux).
  2. the server is connected to the internet with a cable via an ethernet card that supports WOL
  3. your server has a static IP address at least within your home network. (If your ISP changes your IP address periodically like mine does then you will probably need to either pay them extra for a fixed IP address or use a dynamic DNS service)
  4. you have FTP write access to a webserver connected to the internet that supports PHP scripting
  5. you have about an hour of spare time.

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How to Log Into the VMware Server Infrastructure Control Panel

A couple of weekends ago I installed VMware server on my Ubuntu box and created a VM on which I installed Windows Server 2003 so that I have a bit of a play around with it and maybe learn something in the process. Unfortunately I forgot to write down anything about how to access it. Now, having a brain that is incapable of retaining anything unless it has been drilled in over a period of days if not weeks, I came back to my vmware server today and realised that I had completely forgotten how to use it! All I could remember was that I had installed it and there was a Server 2003 install too. After a lot of head scratchihng and a bit of Googling I remembered:

VMware uses web access in order to control VMs and if you open a browser on the same machine from another OS then you can access the panel using the following address:


user: root
password: ****
from there you can tunr on / off VMs and view logs etc.

How to Use the Web Developer Toolbar for Firefox to Fix CSS Styles the Easy Way

The old method… (the one I used for far too long)

This involved viewing a web page with a problem, trying to guess which style rules to change and then changing them in the style sheet, saving and uploading it back to the server and then reloading the page in the browser. Inevitably I would forget some really important thing that would mean that my new style sheet still wasn’t correct so that would mean going through the whole process again. Sometimes this recursive procedure would go on for quite a while, especially when my internet connection was being slow thus causing untold stress and shortening of life expectancy! What an arse-ache!

The new method… (the one that is so good that I’m actually going to write this proper tutorial for!)

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